The production facilities accommodate the variety of processes used:


Our vinegar is produced from red wine which is delivered to our facilities and kept in storage.


vinegar fermentation vessel
The fermentation of the wine takes place in a temperature controlled environment where sufficient oxygen is provided for the bacteria to convert wine into vinegar.


vinegar storage containers
The storage of vinegar takes place in stainless steel tanks which ensure proper preservation and aging under hygienic conditions. During storage the fermentation bacteria die and form a sediment.

Clarification and Filtration

The clarification process gives clarity to vinegar by removing all suspended matter. The filtration process involves the removal of all fermentation bacteria.


bottling of vinegar
The bottling process if fully automated. Each container is filled without its content ever being exposed to the atmosphere. In this way the hygienic conditions that exist inside the storage and filtration facilities are preserved during the transfer of vinegar into the bottle.

Pure Alcohol

The process of producing pure alcohol starts with the delivery of Zivania, a product of wine distillation, to our facilities.


distillation of alcohol
The distillation process involves the evaporation of Zivania in traditional copper stills. The pure alcohol then forms the basis for the production of all our alcoholic liquors.


bottling of alcohol
The bottling process takes place in fully automated bottling equipment.

De-ionised water


The de-ionisation of water starts with the process of water filtration through sand filters. Water softening follows which removes a number of minerals. Reverse osmosis, the third stage in the process, removes the remaining minerals. A two-stage de-ionisation subprocess follows. This involves the exchange of ions in such a way that pure water is produced. Finally, UV radiation ensures that the de-ionised water is bacteria free.


de-ionized 4ltr containers
De-ionised water is bottled in plastic containers of 1, 4, and 20 litres.

Alcoholic beverages


alcoholic bottling
The process of producing alcoholic beverages involves the mixing of pure alcohol, de-ionised water, sugar (liqueurs only), and fruit extracts in certain dosages.


storage of commandaria
The bottling process takes place in fully automated bottling equipment.